Develop Mobile App with Cordova: Comprehensive Tutorial on Apache Cordova

Apache Cordova uses HTML CSS and Javascript to enable Developers to build hybrid Mobile apps for multiple platforms.
IT Blog and Development
3 minute(s) read
Published on: Feb 06, 2024
Updated on: Feb 09, 2024

In case you know web development but are entering the mobile sphere for the first time, Cordova offers to deploy those abilities in iOS and Android application creation as well as such resources.

Introduction to Apache Cordova

Cordova is an open-source mobile engineering framework that originated from Nitobi and is now controlled by Apache Software Foundation. It allows HTML, CSS and JavaScript to be wrapped into mobile app packaging to deliver to the Apple App Store, Google Play Store, or any other market.

Cordova apps execute within wrappers targeted to each platform, relying on standards-compliant web views to render the UI. This allows accessing device capabilities like the camera or accelerometer via JavaScript.

Key Cordova Benefits

- Write once, deploy to many platforms using web languages

- Access native device features via plugins

- Active community with a robust plugin ecosystem

- Free, open-source, and cross-platform

Develop Mobile Applications with Cordova

Important Aspects of Apache Cordova Framework

Single Code Base:

One of the benefits of Cordova is that it has made it possible to construct apps for various mobile OS such as iOS, Android, and Windows phones using one codebase from writing using web technology like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This allows huge code reuse and maintainability benefits.

App Templates

Cordova offers starter app templates to bootstrap development for different platforms. Templates include working boilerplate code with a default Cordova project structure to simplify getting started.

Variety of Development Tools

Cordova is not limited to a single IDE. Developers have the freedom to deploy any tool of their choice regarding IDEs or text editors like Visual Studio Code, Atom, Sublime Text, WebStorm, Xcode or Android Studio for Cordova app development. So you can use existing web dev tools you are comfortable with.

The Cordova framework streamlines cross-platform mobile development using familiar web languages with the ability to access native device APIs still and distribute through the major app stores.


To start Cordova development, you'll need:

- Basic web dev knowledge (HTML, CSS, JavaScript)

- Node.js installed (to install Cordova command line tools)

- For each target platform:

- iOS: Xcode

- Android: Android Studio

- Windows: Visual Studio

- etc.

A Comprehensive Tutorial on Apache Cordova

Getting Started with Cordova

Install Cordova CLI:

npm install -g cordova

Create a Cordova project:

cordova create hello com.example.hello HelloWorld

Add platforms like iOS and Android:

- cordova platform add ios

- cordova platform add Android

Modify the web code in www (index.html, .js files, etc.)

Build and run the app:

- cordova build

- cordova run ios

- cordova run android

Adding Cordova Plugins

Cordova plugins provide access to core native device capabilities. To add a plugin:

- cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-camera

You can now call in JavaScript.

Popular plugins include camera, geolocation, barcode scanner, SQLite, contacts, calendar, and more.

Distributing Cordova Apps

Use the SDK platform tools like Xcode or Android Studio to create final binaries for submission to the app stores. Add required icons and splash screens during this process.

The Cordova workflow allows building production-ready native mobile apps powered by web technology!

Share with your friends

More from IT Blog and Development